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Middle School Education Majors

The middle school education majors are designed for undergraduate students seeking initial certification in grades 5-9 in the state of Missouri. The programs include all content courses required for middle school  certification including Field and Clinical Experiences.

Majors can be completed in the following programs: 


Education Courses (49 hrs.) 

EDUC XXX: Content Specific Methods Course (2 hrs.) 

EDUC 200: Technology in the Classroom
3 credit hours

This is an introductory course in educational technology. Candidates will learn how educational technologies can be applied to enhance teacher effectiveness and assist students in reaching learning objectives. Candidates will develop foundational skills in the evaluation, selection and use of technologies according to best practices and educational theories.

EDUC 205: Diversity and Social Justice in Education
3 credit hours

This course focuses on issues of diversity, oppression and social justice. It is designed to prepare pre-service teachers to be knowledgeable of biases based on race, ethnicity, culture, religion, age, gender, sexual orientation, social and economic status, political ideology, disability and how these contribute to discrimination and oppression. Students will learn about diverse cultures, family structures, roles, immigration and assimilation experiences of marginalized groups. Students will also learn about the influence of dominant culture on these diverse and marginalized groups. Additionally, this course will examine the adaptive capabilities and strengths of these marginalized groups and how such capabilities and strengths can be used in effective educational settings. The course will assist pre-service teachers in understanding the complex nature and dynamics of social oppression, diversity and social functioning. Students will explore their own personal beliefs, and behaviors that may limit their ability to effectively interact in educational settings with people of diverse backgrounds, in particular, disadvantaged and oppressed persons. Themes included justice, suffering, the role of the government, poverty, and society’s response to them. Initiatives and response of both secular and faith-based groups to injustices in the past (e.g. Civil Rights, abolitionism), will be examined.

EDUC 207: Psychology of Human Growth and Development
3 credit hours

A study of the process of human development from conception through adolescence with particular emphasis on development during the elementary school, middle school and high school age periods of growth and development. The course will emphasize the contemporary research, theory and findings in the areas of cognitive, emotional and physical development with a focus on psychological processes and structures and their implications for the educational process.

EDUC 302: Educational Psychology and Assessment
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: Behavioral science majors: PSYC 230; Education majors: EDUC 205 and EDUC 207. This course is designed to introduce different theories and principles of development, learning, motivation and assessment of student learning. The major emphasis in this course is on how to apply these principles in classroom practice in both typical and multicultural settings. Normally taken in the second semester of the sophomore or junior year.

EDUC 340: Education of the Exceptional Child
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: EDUC 205. This course surveys all areas of exceptionality. It is designed to help the prospective teacher identify and understand the problems of students with atypical learning patterns.

EDUC 304: Teaching in Diverse Classrooms
3 credit hours

 Prerequisite: EDUC 205, EDUC 207, EDUC 302, and formal admission to teacher education program. This course recognizes the need to support the learning of all students and will expose undergraduate-level students to the challenges and issues, and experiences faced by students from groups identified by race, ethnicity, language, socioeconomic status, exceptionalities, sexual identity, religion, and culture.

EDUC 308: Secondary Content Area Literacy
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: EDUC 205, EDUC 207, EDUC 302, and formal admission to teacher education program. A three-credit hour course designed to acquaint candidates with the role of literacy at the secondary level. Emphasis is placed on factors which influence literacy and learning from content-specific text material as well as the acquisition and refinement of associated teaching practices. This course will include reviewing current research regarding adolescent literacy; implementing best practices to foster constructive literacy skills; and integrating literacy, writing, and study skills into secondary school content areas.

EDUC 331: Content Area Literacy
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: EDUC 205, EDUC 207, EDUC 302. This course will include strategies for teaching subject matter to utilize and further develop functional reading. Methodology of teaching reading skills, vocabulary development in specific subject areas and study skills will be included.

EDUC 361: Collaborative Classroom Environments
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: EDUC 205, EDUC 207, EDUC 302, formal admission to teacher education program. This course is designed to maintain positive classroom environments by acquainting students with concepts and techniques of behavioral interventions; practical applications of behavior management techniques is emphasized. Students will learn how to design learning environments that are inclusive for all students.

EDUC 379: Middle School Philosophy
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: Formal admission to the teacher education program. This course provides an understanding of the philosophy, history, structure, and future direction of the middle level education, as well as how those topics relate to the characteristics of the adolescent. Topics include an overview of curriculum and instructional strategies appropriate for middle level education. These topics also consider culturally diverse populations and special needs students.

EDUC 383: Middle School Curriculum and Instruction
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: Formal admission to the teacher education program. Candidates will examine education programs appropriate for students in late childhood and early adolescence. The course will review and evaluate curriculum, instruction and organization associated with middle schools. Curricular and instructional programs designed especially for pre-adolescent youth will be examined and contrasted with other levels of education. Distinctive physical, emotional, social, and intellectual needs of the middle school student will be researched.

EDUC 208: Introductory Practicum
1 credit hours

Introductory Practicum is a field-based course that provides students principles of effective teaching practices. Students in the course work under the joint direction and supervision of a practicing teacher with knowledge of elementary, middle, or secondary education. Participation in four seminars is required. S/U Grading.

EDUC 212: Professional Preparation for the Field of Teacher Education
0 credit hours

This course provides students with the essential information necessary to pursue admission to the teacher education program at Drury University. In addition, the course focuses on the general expectations of the program in terms of professional dispositions, background checks, electronic portfolio and other candidate assessments, design of lesson plans and the three levels of clinical and internship experiences. Students learn how to access university resources and supports and develop an understanding of the roles of faculty, staff, advisors and administrators. This course must be taken concurrently with EDUC 208 in the first semester of the education program. S/U Grading.

EDUC 213: Professional Preparation for the Field of Teacher Education
0 credit hours

This course provides transfer students with the essential information necessary to pursue admission into the teacher education program at Drury University. In addition, the course focuses on the general expectations of the program in terms of professional dispositions, background checks, electronic portfolio and other candidate assessments, design of lesson plans, and clinical and internship experiences. Students learn how to access university resources and supports and develop an understanding of the roles of faculty, staff, advisors, and administrators. This course must be taken in the first semester of the education program. S/U grading.

EDUC 303: Secondary Education Field Experience I
1 credit hours

Prerequisite: EDUC 205, EDUC 207, EDUC 302, formal admission to teacher education program. A clinical experience required of secondary education majors prior to enrollment in student teaching. S/U grading.

EDUC 477: Student Teaching-Middle School
10 credit hours

Prerequisite:  Completion of all appropriate methods courses and approval of the Teacher Education Council
Observation and supervised practice teaching at the middle school level (grades 5-9). Taken concurrently with EDUC 475 if a passing state content assessment score is not obtained. Course fee required.

EDUC 480: Student Teaching Support Seminar
2 credit hours

Prerequisite: Formal admission to the teacher education program. This course is designed to provide both professional and personal support during a teacher candidate’s student teaching experience. Teacher candidates will engage in discussion and assignments related to lesson planning, assessment, classroom management, communication, and collaboration in their student teaching environment. Guidance in professional development and career planning will be provided. Taken concurrently with EDUC 476, EDUC 477 or EDUC 478. S/U grading.


Middle School Science Education Major

Required Content Courses (26 hrs.) 

CHEM 115: General Chemistry
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: Declared major or minor in Chemistry; declared major in Biochemistry; declared major or minor in Exercise Physiology; declared major or minor in Health Science; or, declared minor in Pre-Engineering. A lecture course that covers general chemistry concepts and introduces topics to be covered in more detail in the foundational courses. Topics include percent composition, stoichiometry, balancing equations, limiting reagent, thermodynamics, periodic table trends and nomenclature.

CHEM 115-L: General Chemistry Laboratory
1 credit hours

Prerequisite: Declared major or minor in Chemistry; declared major in Biochemistry; declared major or minor in Exercise Physiology; declared major or minor in Health Science; or, declared minor in Pre-Engineering. A laboratory course that introduces the student to laboratory equipment and techniques they will use later in the curriculum. Topics and techniques include stoichiometry, making solutions, building apparatuses and exposure to equipment. There will be an emphasis placed on how to keep a proper lab notebook. This course is designed to augment CHEM 115.

BIOL 110: Fundamentals of Cell Biology
4 credit hours

Prerequisite: Day- Declared major or minor in Health Science; declared minor in Exercise Physiology; declared major in Middle School Science Education; or declared major in Clinical & Behavioral Neuroscience. CCPS-BIOL 102.
An introductory course focusing on major biological concepts relating to molecular and cellular biology and genetics. Lecture and laboratory. Intended for students majoring in science?related disciplines.

PHYS 100: Earth Science
3 credit hours

The earth in space, its atmosphere, oceans and the development of landforms by geologic agents. The course objective is to develop awareness of the physical processes that have and will shape the earth and of humanity’s effect on these processes.

PHYS 100-L: Earth Science Laboratory
1 credit hours

Introduction to igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks and minerals. Principles and interpretation of geologic and topographic maps. Introduction to fossils.

PHYS 111: Physical Science
3 credit hours

This course is designed to give the non-science major an understanding of the methods and significance of the physical sciences by concentrating on selected topics from physics and astronomy. Three hours lecture/demonstrations per week.

PHYS 111-L: Physical Science Laboratory
1 credit hours

Co-requisite: PHYS 111. A lab to complement Physical Science.

PHYS 200: Environmental Geoscience
4 credit hours

A study of the interrelationship between humans and the physical environment. The course will focus on natural resources, soils, hydrology and water supplies, erosional processes, karst landscapes, land?use planning, and geologic map interpretation. Includes laboratory. Field work required.

PHYS 201: Principles of Physics
4 credit hours

Prerequisite:  MATH 211 or MATH 109 and MATH 110.  The principles of Newtonian mechanics including motion, energy, force, and torque, as well as heat transfer (time permitting). A non-calculus course. The workshop format - integrated lecture with laboratory - emphasizes experiment, data collection and analysis, problem solving, and cooperative learning. Not intended for pre-med, chemistry, or physics majors. Offered fall semester.

BIOL 160: Exploration and Discovery in Biology
3 credit hours

This course allows students majoring in a non-science field to learn about the processes of the biological sciences, including how science works, its limitations, and how science and society influence each other. Biological topics are variable but will be problem-based, communication intensive, and engage students with focused topics in science to show how science and society interact. This course does not apply to any major or minor in the natural sciences.

CHEM 160: Exploration/Discovery in Chemistry
3 credit hours

This course allows students majoring in a non-science field to learn about the processes of the chemical sciences, including how science works, its limitations, and how science and society influence each other. Chemistry topics are variable but will be problem-based, communication intensive and engage students with focused topics in science to show how science and society interact. This course does not apply to any major or minor in the natural sciences.

PHYS 160: Exploration/Discovery in Physics
3 credit hours

This course allows students majoring in a non- science field to learn about the processes of the chemical sciences, including how science works, its limitations, and how science and society influence each other. Physics topics are variable but will be problem-based, communication intensive and engage students with focused topics in science to show how science and society interact. This course does not apply to any major or minor in the natural sciences.

Recommended Additional Courses

EDUC 368: Introduction to Evaluation and Assessment
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: EDUC 302. This course will include an overview of varied assessment methods, procedures, and tools. Students will review administration and interpretation procedures for formal and informal assessments used in the evaluative processed for identifying education disabilities of school-age students. Psychometric principles of assessment will be presented. Emphasis will be placed on developing knowledge and skills related to assessment across domains including social, communication, academic, cognitive, and adaptive. Students will participate in application activities to include the review of case history data and collection of data to apply to the development of evaluation plans. Students will demonstrate professional dispositions related to the ethics of testing and practice using assessment data to design and execute educational programming. Roles of multidisciplinary team members will be discussed including general educators, special educators, administrators, students, and family members. Supporting the assessment needs of diverse learners to include individuals with disabilities and those from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds will be emphasized.

EDUC 369: Introduction to Mild/Mod Disabilities
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: EDUC 340. The physical, psychological, social, and educational characteristics of school-age children with mild/moderate disabilities will be reviewed in this course. In addition, Federal and State criteria for identification of categorical disabilities as well as supporting legal mandates will be reviewed. Students will learn strategies for differentiation of instruction, approaches for integrating these students into regular education classrooms, and methods for collaborating with other educators to identify and address the needs of students with disabilities. Course content will also address assessment procedures and practices used to identify children with disabilities and monitor their performance across academic settings. Students will complete applied activities and discussions, case analyses, and literature reviews.

EDUC 357: Families of Exceptional Learners
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: EDUC 340. Children learn best when close cooperation exists between school and home. For children with learning problems, it is all the more necessary for skills learned in school to be reinforced in the home. This course will include the study of legal aspects specific to working with families of children with exceptionalities including the rights of families. In addition, requirements will include researching and reporting on effective practices and resources to support families and their children. Objectives and assignments will address the effects of exceptionalities on children’s learning and on family dynamics. The impact of primary language, culture, and familial backgrounds on children’s academic and social abilities, their attitudes, values, interests, and career options will be examined. Students will review techniques for advocacy and collaboration with families and others who are involved in students’ educational programs.


Middle School Language Arts Education Major

Required Content Courses (27 hrs.) 

Reading Literature & Informational Text (18 hrs.) 

ENGL 200: Literature Matters
3 credit hours

One of three foundational courses for majors and potential majors in English, Literature Matters introduces students to a central set of problems in contemporary literary studies (for example, Identity and Empire, Shakespeare to Ondaatje). The course includes important canonical works as well as neglected or emerging writers. There is a focus on how to read and understand literature; how reading and writing literature influence identity, meaning and value; and how to develop strategies for reading, discussing, and writing about literary works. Attention is also given to narrative structure. Students are strongly encouraged to enroll in this course in the spring semester of their freshman or sophomore year. Offered spring semester. May be repeated when topics vary.

Choose three (9 hrs.): 

ENGL 201: British Literature I: Medieval through Eighteenth Century
3 credit hours

Students discuss canonical texts of early British writing, with particular attention to close-reading and appreciation. The course often pursues a single theme, genre or motif through the readings.

ENGL 202: British Literature II: Nineteenth Century through the Present
3 credit hours

This course introduces students to major writings from the past 200 years of British writing, with particular attention to close- reading and appreciation. The course often pursues a single theme, genre or motif through the readings.

ENGL 203: American Literature I: 1620-1865
3 credit hours

Students become familiar with major writings from pre-Civil War American culture, with “flashbacks” to colonial American literature. The course often pursues a single theme, genre or motif through the readings.

ENGL 204: American Literature II: 1865-1980
3 credit hours

This course introduces students to major texts of late nineteenth-and twentieth-century literature, with particular attention to modernist and postmodernist writing.

Choose two (6 hrs.): 

ENGL 212: Comparative Mythology
3 credit hours

A study of mythic literature in ancient, medieval and contemporary cultures, with close attention to the archetypal codes revealed in all mythologies, and universal narrative structures.

ENGL 235: The History of Film
3 credit hours

A survey of major international and American film accomplishments beginning with Griffith and Chaplin and continuing through contemporary directors such as Bergman, Fellini and Allen. Some attention will be given to film technique, theory and analysis.

ENGL 301: Theory and Practice
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: DAY-None. CCPS-ENGL 150. This course introduces students to advanced research skills in literary studies. It focuses upon the central questions in literary studies and provides students with the critical and theoretical background to make sense of these questions.

ENGL 311: Studies in Contemporary Literature
3 credit hours

This course investigates trends in recent literature, written in or translated into English. Texts will date from about 1980 and later. This course may be repeated when content varies.

ENGL 317: African-American Literature
3 credit hours

The backgrounds of African-American culture in African and Caribbean literatures, as well as the history of black American literature in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, with focus on the contemporary scene.

ENGL 344: Studies in World Literature
3 credit hours

It is recommended that students have completed ENGL 301 in order to be successful in this course. Students study works outside the Anglo-American tradition. May be repeated when topics vary.

Writing & Researching (6 hrs.) 

ENGL 207: Expository Writing: Art of the Essay
3 credit hours

 Prerequisite: DAY-None. CCPS-ENGL 150. Expository writing provides students with valuable opportunities to write in a wide variety of modes of nonfiction, including narrative essays, film and book reviews, cultural analyses and journalistic essays. Students read and discuss published nonfiction and participate in workshops where they respond to one another’s writing in small groups. The workshop format enables students to respond to issues of form, purpose, voice and audience.

Choose one (3 hrs.): 

ENGL 266: Creative Writing I - Fiction
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: DAY-None. CCPS-ENGL 150. Students learn techniques for and practice in writing fiction. The course focuses on student workshops.

ENGL 267: Creative Writing I - Poetry
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: DAY-None. CCPS-ENGL 150. Students learn techniques for and practice in writing poetry.

ENGL 268: Creative Writing I - Nonfiction
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: DAY-None. CCPS-ENGL 150. Students learn techniques for and practice writing nonfiction.

Language & Conventions (3 hrs.) 

ENGL 253: Grammar and Style
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: DAY-None. CCPS-ENGL 150. Students intensively investigate modern English grammar and usage. The course acquaints students with models of understanding and teaching grammar and with opportunities for experimenting with a variety of styles.

Recommended Additional Courses

EDUC 368: Introduction to Evaluation and Assessment
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: EDUC 302. This course will include an overview of varied assessment methods, procedures, and tools. Students will review administration and interpretation procedures for formal and informal assessments used in the evaluative processed for identifying education disabilities of school-age students. Psychometric principles of assessment will be presented. Emphasis will be placed on developing knowledge and skills related to assessment across domains including social, communication, academic, cognitive, and adaptive. Students will participate in application activities to include the review of case history data and collection of data to apply to the development of evaluation plans. Students will demonstrate professional dispositions related to the ethics of testing and practice using assessment data to design and execute educational programming. Roles of multidisciplinary team members will be discussed including general educators, special educators, administrators, students, and family members. Supporting the assessment needs of diverse learners to include individuals with disabilities and those from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds will be emphasized.

EDUC 369: Introduction to Mild/Mod Disabilities
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: EDUC 340. The physical, psychological, social, and educational characteristics of school-age children with mild/moderate disabilities will be reviewed in this course. In addition, Federal and State criteria for identification of categorical disabilities as well as supporting legal mandates will be reviewed. Students will learn strategies for differentiation of instruction, approaches for integrating these students into regular education classrooms, and methods for collaborating with other educators to identify and address the needs of students with disabilities. Course content will also address assessment procedures and practices used to identify children with disabilities and monitor their performance across academic settings. Students will complete applied activities and discussions, case analyses, and literature reviews.

EDUC 357: Families of Exceptional Learners
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: EDUC 340. Children learn best when close cooperation exists between school and home. For children with learning problems, it is all the more necessary for skills learned in school to be reinforced in the home. This course will include the study of legal aspects specific to working with families of children with exceptionalities including the rights of families. In addition, requirements will include researching and reporting on effective practices and resources to support families and their children. Objectives and assignments will address the effects of exceptionalities on children’s learning and on family dynamics. The impact of primary language, culture, and familial backgrounds on children’s academic and social abilities, their attitudes, values, interests, and career options will be examined. Students will review techniques for advocacy and collaboration with families and others who are involved in students’ educational programs.


Middle School Social Science Education Major

Required Content Courses (28 hrs.) 

American History (9 hrs.) 

HIST 101: United States History to 1865
3 credit hours

A broad survey of the major political and social developments from the time of Columbus to the Civil War. Offered fall semester.

HIST 102: United States History 1865 to Present
3 credit hours

A broad survey of the major political and social developments from the Civil War to the present. Offered spring semester.

Choose one (3 hrs.):

HIST 250: Colonial America
3 credit hours

This course examines the history of colonial societies in the Americas. Through the use of the course’s thematic material, students will be introduced to the basic skills used by historians in their investigation of the past, including a close reading and contextualization of primary source texts, the study of historical interpretations and controversies, citation and research methods, effective writing techniques, and oral communication skills.

HIST 251: History of Slavery
3 credit hours

Exploration into the history and social, political and cultural significance of slavery and the slave trade in various societies and cultures; from slavery in the ancient world to transatlantic slave trade to slavery and its legacy in the modern era.

HIST 320: The American Revolution
3 credit hours

This course examines the revolutionary origins of America and its transition into a new nation. Topics include the experiences of soldiers, the transformation of politics, and the social revolution that followed war. Changes for Native Americans, African Americans, and women will also be examined as well as the global implications of the Revolution, and its influence on future anti-colonial rebellions.

HIST 330: The American Civil War
3 credit hours

The causes, nature and consequences of the Civil War; emphasis placed on political and social interpretations of the war, as well as its military events.

World History (9 hrs.) 

HIST 109: Asian History to 1700
3 credit hours

This course examines the cultural traditions and transformations in Asian history from its origins to around 1700. Identifies specific historical events, political developments and philosophical, religious and social innovations in the history of East Asia, South Asia and Southeast Asia as well as highlights the contributions and transformations as it interacts with other world civilizations.

HIST 110: Ancient Civilizations
3 credit hours

This course provides an introduction to ancient civilizations from the earliest societies through the Byzantine Empire, approximately 700 CE. The class concentrates on the ancient civilizations of India, Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome, while also examining the influence of other societies such as the Hebrews, the Phoenicians, the Minoans, and the Mycenaeans. influence of other societies such as the Hebrews, the Phoenicians, the Minoans, and the Mycenaeans. Emphasis placed on culture and society, texts, and surviving artifacts and monuments.

HIST 223: Medieval Europe
3 credit hours

This course provides an introduction to the Middle Ages, examining the multiple influences that shaped European history from the fourth to the fifteenth century. Particular emphasis placed on Christianity, the twelfth-century Renaissance, medieval cities, and society and culture.

Geography (3 hrs.) 

HIST 111: Geographical History
3 credit hours

A study of various ways to examine the connection between geography and history-how geography has affected and been shaped by historical developments, including but not limited to physical, political, cultural, and environmental elements. Specific attention will be placed on how the movements of people and human-environmental interactions impact ecosystems and cultures.

Government (3 hrs.) 

PLSC 101: Government and Politics in the United States
3 credit hours

Introduction to the theories, constitutional bases, functions and government structures of the U.S. political system in relation to the global political environment. Emphasis on national politics and linkages with state, local and international governments, including an emphasis on Missouri and current issues in domestic and foreign policy.

Economics (4 hrs.) 

ECON 201: Basic Economic Theory
4 credit hours

Students will be introduced to the way market economies deal with the universal problems of resource scarcity. They will use economic models to evaluate market processes and government policies. The course provides an introduction to microeconomics and macroeconomics.

Recommended Additional Courses

EDUC 368: Introduction to Evaluation and Assessment
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: EDUC 302. This course will include an overview of varied assessment methods, procedures, and tools. Students will review administration and interpretation procedures for formal and informal assessments used in the evaluative processed for identifying education disabilities of school-age students. Psychometric principles of assessment will be presented. Emphasis will be placed on developing knowledge and skills related to assessment across domains including social, communication, academic, cognitive, and adaptive. Students will participate in application activities to include the review of case history data and collection of data to apply to the development of evaluation plans. Students will demonstrate professional dispositions related to the ethics of testing and practice using assessment data to design and execute educational programming. Roles of multidisciplinary team members will be discussed including general educators, special educators, administrators, students, and family members. Supporting the assessment needs of diverse learners to include individuals with disabilities and those from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds will be emphasized.

EDUC 369: Introduction to Mild/Mod Disabilities
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: EDUC 340. The physical, psychological, social, and educational characteristics of school-age children with mild/moderate disabilities will be reviewed in this course. In addition, Federal and State criteria for identification of categorical disabilities as well as supporting legal mandates will be reviewed. Students will learn strategies for differentiation of instruction, approaches for integrating these students into regular education classrooms, and methods for collaborating with other educators to identify and address the needs of students with disabilities. Course content will also address assessment procedures and practices used to identify children with disabilities and monitor their performance across academic settings. Students will complete applied activities and discussions, case analyses, and literature reviews.

EDUC 357: Families of Exceptional Learners
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: EDUC 340. Children learn best when close cooperation exists between school and home. For children with learning problems, it is all the more necessary for skills learned in school to be reinforced in the home. This course will include the study of legal aspects specific to working with families of children with exceptionalities including the rights of families. In addition, requirements will include researching and reporting on effective practices and resources to support families and their children. Objectives and assignments will address the effects of exceptionalities on children’s learning and on family dynamics. The impact of primary language, culture, and familial backgrounds on children’s academic and social abilities, their attitudes, values, interests, and career options will be examined. Students will review techniques for advocacy and collaboration with families and others who are involved in students’ educational programs.

HIST 250: Colonial America
3 credit hours

This course examines the history of colonial societies in the Americas. Through the use of the course’s thematic material, students will be introduced to the basic skills used by historians in their investigation of the past, including a close reading and contextualization of primary source texts, the study of historical interpretations and controversies, citation and research methods, effective writing techniques, and oral communication skills.

HIST 251: History of Slavery
3 credit hours

Exploration into the history and social, political and cultural significance of slavery and the slave trade in various societies and cultures; from slavery in the ancient world to transatlantic slave trade to slavery and its legacy in the modern era.

HIST 320: The American Revolution
3 credit hours

This course examines the revolutionary origins of America and its transition into a new nation. Topics include the experiences of soldiers, the transformation of politics, and the social revolution that followed war. Changes for Native Americans, African Americans, and women will also be examined as well as the global implications of the Revolution, and its influence on future anti-colonial rebellions.

HIST 330: The American Civil War
3 credit hours

The causes, nature and consequences of the Civil War; emphasis placed on political and social interpretations of the war, as well as its military events.


Middle School Mathematics Education Major

Required Content Courses (27 hrs.)

MATH 109: College Algebra
3 credit hours

It is strongly recommended that students have completed one year of high school algebra and one year of high school geometry or MATH 100 in order to be successful in this course. A study of functions and graphs, solutions of equations and inequalities and the properties of polynomial, rational, exponential and logarithmic functions.

MATH 211: Precalculus
4 credit hours

It is strongly recommended that students have high-school level algebra skills and/or successful completion of College Algebra in order to be successful in this course. This course is designed to prepare students for Calculus I. It covers a variety of topics from algebra, with emphasis on the development of rational, exponential, logarithmic and trigonometric functions including their essential properties, graphs and basic applications. Additional topics range from linear systems to conic sections.

MATH 231: Calculus I
4 credit hours

 It is strongly recommended that students have completed two years of high school algebra and one semester of high school trigonometry in order to be successful in this course. A study of the fundamental principles of analytic geometry and calculus with an emphasis on differentiation.

MATH 234: Introduction to Mathematical Proof
3 credit hours

Prerequisite:  MATH 231 or MATH 236. It is strongly recommended that students have completed MATH 232 to be successful in this course. A careful introduction to the process of constructing mathematical arguments, covering the basic ideas of logic, sets, functions and relations. A substantial amount of time will be devoted to looking at important forms of mathematical argument such as direct proof, proof by contradiction, proof by contrapositive and proof by cases. Applications from set theory, abstract algebra or analysis may be covered at the discretion of the instructor.

MATH 326: Probability Theory
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: MATH 232. It is recommended that students receive a grade of C or better in MATH 232 to be successful in this course.
This course includes an introduction to probability theory, discrete and continuous random variables, mathematical expectation and multivariate distributions.

MATH 327: Mathematical Statistics
3 credit hours

Prerequisite:  MATH 326. It is recommended that students receive a grade of C or better in MATH 326 to be successful in this course. 
This course takes the material from MATH 326 into the applications side of statistics including functions of random variables, sampling distributions, estimations and hypothesis testing.

MATH 330: Geometry
3 credit hours

Prerequisite:  MATH 234. Foundations of Euclidian geometry from the axioms of Hilbert and an introduction to non-Euclidian geometry.

Recommended Additional Courses

CSCI 251: Introduction to Computer Science
4 credit hours

An introduction to computer science through applications such as media. A major component is programming design and development using a language such as Python or Java. A disciplined approach to problem solving methods and algorithm development will be stressed using top-down design and stepwise refinement. Topics included are syntax and semantics, input and output, control structures, modularity, data types, and object-oriented programming. Recommended for students with previous programming experience or a strong mathematical background (math ACT score of 24 or above).

EDUC 368: Introduction to Evaluation and Assessment
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: EDUC 302. This course will include an overview of varied assessment methods, procedures, and tools. Students will review administration and interpretation procedures for formal and informal assessments used in the evaluative processed for identifying education disabilities of school-age students. Psychometric principles of assessment will be presented. Emphasis will be placed on developing knowledge and skills related to assessment across domains including social, communication, academic, cognitive, and adaptive. Students will participate in application activities to include the review of case history data and collection of data to apply to the development of evaluation plans. Students will demonstrate professional dispositions related to the ethics of testing and practice using assessment data to design and execute educational programming. Roles of multidisciplinary team members will be discussed including general educators, special educators, administrators, students, and family members. Supporting the assessment needs of diverse learners to include individuals with disabilities and those from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds will be emphasized.

EDUC 369: Introduction to Mild/Mod Disabilities
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: EDUC 340. The physical, psychological, social, and educational characteristics of school-age children with mild/moderate disabilities will be reviewed in this course. In addition, Federal and State criteria for identification of categorical disabilities as well as supporting legal mandates will be reviewed. Students will learn strategies for differentiation of instruction, approaches for integrating these students into regular education classrooms, and methods for collaborating with other educators to identify and address the needs of students with disabilities. Course content will also address assessment procedures and practices used to identify children with disabilities and monitor their performance across academic settings. Students will complete applied activities and discussions, case analyses, and literature reviews.

EDUC 357: Families of Exceptional Learners
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: EDUC 340. Children learn best when close cooperation exists between school and home. For children with learning problems, it is all the more necessary for skills learned in school to be reinforced in the home. This course will include the study of legal aspects specific to working with families of children with exceptionalities including the rights of families. In addition, requirements will include researching and reporting on effective practices and resources to support families and their children. Objectives and assignments will address the effects of exceptionalities on children’s learning and on family dynamics. The impact of primary language, culture, and familial backgrounds on children’s academic and social abilities, their attitudes, values, interests, and career options will be examined. Students will review techniques for advocacy and collaboration with families and others who are involved in students’ educational programs.

MATH 101: Fundamental Mathematical Concepts I
3 credit hours

It is strongly recommended that students have completed one year of high school algebra or MATH 100 in order to be successful in this course. Development of the number systems — whole numbers through real numbers. Problem solving strategies, functions, elementary logic and set theory are included.

MATH 102: Fundamental Mathematical Concepts II
3 credit hours

Prerequisite: MATH 101An introduction to geometric concepts, measurement, probability, statistics and basic computer concepts.