Biology Major (B.A.) Course of Study
The biology major in the Bachelor of Arts degree program is designed for students who need breadth of understanding in the field of biology without the interdisciplinary depth afforded by the biology major in the Bachelor of Science degree program. Students pursuing the biology major in the BA program may need to take courses in other academic fields in preparation for their career path (e.g., nursing, scientific writing/illustration, occupational therapy) or may need to double major in academic fields outside biology that are required for certain career paths (e.g., teaching). While this major prepares students for a wide variety of career paths, each student should consult with faculty members in the biology department to decide his/her best academic plan while at Drury.
The Bachelor of Arts Biology major requires a minimum of 35 credit hours.
All prerequisites must be completed prior to enrollment in the following courses.
Co-requisites must be taken during the same semester.
Required (25 hrs.)
Prerequisite or Co-Requisite: DAY-CHEM 115 or CHEM 208 or CHEM 238. CCPS-BIOL 102.
This course examines the structure and function of nucleic acids and proteins. The molecular mechanisms of replication, transcription, mRNA processing and translation will be emphasized. In addition, regulation of these processes will be explored. Lecture and laboratory. Intended for students majoring in biology or related disciplines.
Prerequisite: Day-BIOL 172. CCPS-Co-requisite: BIOL 181-L. This course will apply the knowledge acquired in BIOL 172 to the inheritance patterns of genetic traits between individuals and within populations. Lecture and laboratory.
Prerequisite or Co-requisite: DAY- BIOL 181. CCPS-BIOL 172. An introduction to the principles of evolutionary biology, including the history, processes and patterns of evolution as well as systematic biology.
Prerequisite or Co-requisite: BIOL 182.
An introduction to ecological principles, emphasizing processes and patterns within the six sub disciplines of ecology. The laboratory will integrate common field methods with experimental design and data analysis. Lecture and laboratory.
Prerequisite: BIOL 181. This course provides biology majors with information on pre? and post?graduate opportunities, prepares them for graduate studies related to biology by developing a resume and statement of purpose, and gives them experience speaking publicly on biological topics using appropriate technology. S/U Grading.
Prerequisite: BIOL 200. Students complete an off?campus work experience in a professional field of interest and write a literature review on a biological topic related to the profession in consultation with a faculty mentor. A minimum of 135 hours must be completed during the off-campus experience.
Choose three, with at least one having a laboratory experience (i.e. a 4- or 5-hour course) (10-15 total hrs.):
Prerequisite: BIOL 182. A study of organic evolution, its processes at a variety of scales, and its relationship to society. Primary topics include the history of evolutionary thought, population genetics, mechanisms of speciation, phylogeny and evolution of development.
Prerequisite: BIOL 200. Survey of plants which have medicinal value. Emphasis on the importance of botanical products in modern medicine.
Prerequisite: Day-BIOL 200. CCPS-BIOL 201. Introduction to the photosynthetic way of life in algae and plants. This course will consider plant structural and functional adaptations related to water retention and distribution, gas exchange, light absorption and energy conversion, anti-gravitational support, reproduction and dispersal; followed by a comparative study of the main plant groups from algae to flowering plants, emphasizing structural diversity and evolutionary trends. The laboratory exercises will present an introduction to plant (and algae) cells, tissues and organs through comparative anatomy and morphology analyses.
Prerequisites: DAY-BIOL 181 and CHEM 238. CCPS-BIOL 102, BIOL 172, and CHEM 107.
A study of the immune response and its relationship to the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of disease. Topics include immune systems, immunopathology and antibodies.
Prerequisite: DAY-BIOL 200. CCPS-BIOL 201.
A survey of major animal phyla including protozoans with an emphasis on comparative structure and function, taxonomy, fundamental life processes and ecological interactions. Lecture and laboratory.
Prerequisite: DAY-BIOL 200. CCPS-BIOL 201.
A taxonomical survey of flowering plants. This course will discuss history, theories and methods of classification, identification, nomenclature and description of plants, followed by taxonomical characteristics of the main plant families. Laboratory exercises and field trips will focus on the use of taxonomic keys, construction of floral diagrams and formulas, identification and recognition of local flora, preparation of field data records and herbarium specimens.
Prerequisite: DAY-BIOL 200. CCPS-BIOL 201. A study of ecological principles, focusing on a modern understanding of ecological systems, patterns and processes. The laboratory will include common field techniques and emphasize experimental design and data analysis.
Prerequisites: Day-BIOL 181 and CHEM 238. CCPS BIOL 181 and CHEM 107.
This course will examine the unique physiology of the Archaea and Procaryotae and their roles in ecology and human disease. Techniques for identification of these organisms also will be studied. Lecture and laboratory.
Prerequisite: BIOL 182. A critical study of the structural/functional relationships of organs and systems of the vertebrates. Taxonomy, evolutionary relationships and morphological adaptations of fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals will be emphasized. Lecture and laboratory.
Prerequisite: BIOL 182. A comparative study of the biochemical and cellular mechanisms associated with the morphological development of vertebrates. Embryological development of the frog, chick and human will be emphasized. Lecture and laboratory.
Prerequisites: BIOL 181 and CHEM 238.
General cellular physiology and the functioning of tissues and organ systems in the vertebrate classes, including human beings. Lecture and laboratory.
Prerequisites: BIOL 181 and CHEM 238. A comprehensive study of the structural/functional relationships of organs and organ systems of humans. Lecture and laboratory.
Prerequisites: DAY-BIOL 181, CHEM 238, and Junior Status. CCPS-BIOL 201 and CHEM 107. A study of the molecular basis of gene expression and the mechanisms by which genetic material is inherited. Lecture and laboratory.
Prerequisite: BIOL 181. It is recommended that students have completed CHEM 336 and CHEM 315 in order to be successful in this course. Advanced molecular mechanisms of gene expression and control. Methods of genetic engineering and production of transgenic organisms. Lecture.
Prerequisite: BIOL 181. A study of epidemiological theory and practice. The distribution of health related problems in a population and the application of this theory to control health problems will be examined. Areas included in this study will be measures of disease occurrences, causal effects and statistical analysis of these events.
Prerequisite: BIOL 181. An in?depth look at the microscopic structure of the vertebrate body. Study of cells, tissues and organs will provide an understanding of the complex nature of the relationship between form and function in vertebrates. Lecture and laboratory.
Prerequisite: BIOL 181 and Junior Status. A study of the stages and mechanisms of embryonic development in animals. Both classic experimental embryology and the genetic and molecular regulation of invertebrate and vertebrate animal development will be covered. The course will provide a comparative investigation of both morphology and molecular mechanisms while highlighting the similarities and differences between nematodes, insects, and vertebrates.
Prerequisite: DAY- BIOL 181. CCPS-BIOL 201. An introduction to how viruses replicate and cause disease. Survey of major groups of animal viruses is included. Course offered only in summer and online.
Prerequisite: BIOL 200. An introduction to the biology, ecology and evolution of amphibians and non?avian reptiles. The morphology, taxonomy and biogeography of Missouri species within these groups will be emphasized in the laboratory with day, evening and possibly weekend field trips required.
Prerequisites: BIOL 181 and CHEM 315 or BIOL 181 and CHEM 312. The first section of this course deals with cell signaling mechanisms, such as c?AMP and G?proteins, as well as receptor functions. The section deals with electrophysiology and the function of the nervous muscular system, and the general physiology of the cardiovascular system. Subjects will be covered through reading from text and journal articles, lecture presentation and laboratory projects.
Prerequisite: BIOL 378. This course will allow students to acquire an in-depth understanding of the organ system functions of the human body, to include: respiratory system, digestive system, renal physiology, immune system, endocrine system, and reproductive systems. The material will be covered through readings from text and journal articles, lecture presentations, and laboratory projects.
Other Required Courses:
A fundamental course in the study of inorganic chemistry. Topics include atomic structure, chemical bonding, molecular structure, nomenclature of inorganic compounds, fundamentals of inorganic complexes and an introduction to the chemistry of main group elements.
A fundamental laboratory course in the study of inorganic chemistry. Topics include the preparation of inorganic complexes, resolution of chiral transition metal compounds, ion conductivity and a preparation of a main group inorganic compound.
It is strongly recommended that students have completed one year of high school algebra in order to be successful in this course. A course to acquaint the student with the basic ideas and language of statistics including such topics such as descriptive statistics, correlation and regression, basic experimental design, elementary probability, binomial and normal distributions, estimation and test of hypotheses, and analysis of variance.
Choose One (4 hrs.):
Prerequisite: MATH 211 or MATH 109 and MATH 110. The principles of Newtonian mechanics including motion, energy, force, and torque, as well as heat transfer (time permitting). A non-calculus course. The workshop format - integrated lecture with laboratory - emphasizes experiment, data collection and analysis, problem solving, and cooperative learning. Not intended for pre-med, chemistry, or physics majors. Offered fall semester.
Co-requisite: MATH 231. The principles of Newtonian mechanics including motion, energy, and force. Calculus with extensive use of vector analysis. Intended for science majors. The modeling-centered, inquiry-based workshop format — integrated laboratory and lecture — emphasizes experiment, data collection and analysis, problem solving, and cooperative learning in both small and large groups. Offered fall semester.