Contact:
Kevin Jansen
Department Chair
Associate Professor of Biology
Office: (417) 873-6398
kjansen@drury.edu

Biology Course Descriptions

100 Level Courses:
BIOL 110: Fundamentals of Cell Biology
BIOL 171: Scientific Endeavors
BIOL 172: Exploring Molecular Biology
BIOL 181: Mechanisms of Genetic Inheritance
BIOL 182: Evolution

200 Level Courses:
BIOL 200: Ecology
BIOL 201: Biodiversity
BIOL 205: Human Anatomy
BIOL 206: Human Physiology
BIOL 208: Microbiology
BIOL 240: Basic Clinical Medicine: An Introduction to Patient Care
BIOL 250: Foundations of Medical Terminology
BIOL 290: Selected Topics
BIOL 291, 292: Research

300 Level Courses:
BIOL 301: Advanced Evolutionary Biology
BIOL 302: Human Nutrition
BIOL 306: Medical Botany
BIOL 307: Botany
BIOL 308: Immunology
BIOL 309: General Zoology
BIOL 310: Field and Systematic Botany
BIOL 312: Advanced Ecology
BIOL 313: Advanced Microbiology
BIOL 314: Field and Systematic Zoology
BIOL 316: Comparative Anatomy
BIOL 317: Vertebrate Embryology
BIOL 320: Vertebrate Physiology
BIOL 321: Comprehensive Human Anatomy
BIOL 322: Advanced Genetics
BIOL 323: Functional Neuroscience
BIOL 324: Cellular and Molecular Biology
BIOL 325: Epidemiology
BIOL 327: Psychopharmacology
BIOL 329: Introduction to Marine Biology
BIOL 330: Field Study in Marine Biology
BIOL 333: Histology
BIOL 334: Developmental Biology
BIOL 336: Biochemistry
BIOL 336-L: Biochemistry Laboratory
BIOL 337: Introduction to Virology
BIOL 341: Limnology
BIOL 342: Advanced Ecological Studies
BIOL 344: Toxicology
BIOL 348: Psychoneuroimmunology
BIOL 351: Junior Seminar
BIOL 352: Junior Seminar II
BIOL 356: Biopsychology
BIOL 364: Neuroanatomy
BIOL 373: Herpetology
BIOL 378: Advanced Human Physiology I
BIOL 379: Advanced Human Physiology II
BIOL 382: Pathophysiology
BIOL 390: Selected Topics
BIOL 391, 392: Research
BIOL 397, 398: Internship

400 Level Courses:
BIOL 490: Selected Topics
BIOL 491, 492: Research
BIOL 483: Senior Seminar I: Practicum
BIOL 484: Senior Seminar I: Research
BIOL 494: Senior Seminar II
BIOL 291, 292, 391, 392, 491, 492: Research
BIOL 497, 498: Internship


BIOL 110: Fundamentals of Cell Biology. 4 hours.
An introductory course focusing on major biological concepts relating to molecular and cellular biology and genetics. Lecture and laboratory. Intended for students majoring in science-related disciplines.

BIOL 171: Scientific Endeavors. 3 hours.
Prerequisite:  BIOL 172.
This course will introduce prospective biology majors to the scientific method through readings from the primary biological literature, discussion, group work and laboratory. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 172: Exploring Molecular Biology. 3 hours.
Recommended prerequisite or co-requisite: CHEM 115 or CHEM 238.
This course examines the structure and function of nucleic acids and proteins. The molecular mechanisms of replication, transcription, mRNA processing and translation will be emphasized.  In addition, regulation of these processes will be explored. Lecture and laboratory. Intended for students majoring in biology or related disciplines.

BIOL 181: Mechanisms of Genetic Inheritance. 3 hours.
Prerequisite:  BIOL 172.
This course will apply the knowledge acquired in BIOL 172 to the inheritance patterns of genetic traits between individuals and within populations. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 182 Evolution. 2 hours.
Prerequisite: BIOL 181.
An introduction to the principles of evolutionary biology, including the history, processes and patterns of evolution as well as systematic biology.

BIOL 200 Ecology. 3 hours.
Co-requisite:  BIOL 182.
An introduction to ecological principles, emphasizing processes and patterns within the six subdisciplines of ecology.  The laboratory will integrate common field methods with experimental design and data analysis. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 201 Biodiversity. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: BIOL 200.
An introduction to the trends and patterns of biological diversity and our understanding of the biosphere.  The class will focus on the evolution of genomes and systems using several model organisms.  The generation and loss of biodiversity will be examined. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 205: Human Anatomy. 4 hours.
An introduction to the gross and microscopic anatomy of the human body. Mammalian examples of major systems are studied in the laboratory. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 206: Human Physiology. 4 hours.
This course examines the organization and function of the human body as a whole and the interrelations of its various systems, organs, tissues, and cells. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 208: Microbiology. 4 hours.
Prerequisite:  BIOL 110 or BIOL 172.
A study of bacterial diversity, physiology, biochemistry and genetics as they relate to the environment and to human welfare. Fungi and viruses also are discussed. Laboratory methods for the identification of bacteria are introduced. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 240: Basic Clinical Medicine: An Introduction to Patient Care. 3 hours.
This course is designed to provide premedical students an early opportunity to explore the fields of medicine.  Includes patient evaluation, common diseases, and patient care.

BIOL 250: Foundations of Medical Terminology. 3 hours.
This course examines the various aspects of medical terminology including word origins, definitions, spelling and pronunciation.

BIOL 301: Advanced Evolutionary Biology. 3 hours.
Prerequisite:  BIOL 182. A study of organic evolution, its processes at a variety of scales, and its relationship to society.  Primary topics include the history of evolutionary thought, population genetics, mechanisms of speciation, phylogeny and evolution of development.

BIOL 302: Human Nutrition. 3 hours.
Prerequisite:  BIOL 110 or BIOL 172. A study of food as it functions to meet body needs with emphasis on utilization, food sources, selection of adequate diets, individual, community, and world health problems and diet therapy. Same as EXSP 302

BIOL 306: Medical Botany. 3 hours.
Prerequisite:  BIOL 200.  
Survey of plants which have medicinal value.  Emphasis on the importance of botanical products in modern medicine.

BIOL 307: Botany. 4 hours.
Prerequisite: BIOL 200.
Introduction to the photosynthetic way of life in algae and plants.  This course will consider plant structural and functional adaptations related to water retention and distribution, gas exchange, light absorption and energy conversion, anti-gravitational support, reproduction and dispersal; followed by a comparative study of the main plant groups from algae to flowering plants, emphasizing structural diversity and evolutionary trends.  The laboratory exercises will present an introduction to plant (and algae) cells, tissues and organs through comparative anatomy and morphology analyses.

BIOL 308: Immunology. 3 hours.
Prerequisites:  BIOL 181; CHEM 115 or CHEM 238.
A study of the immune response and its relationship to the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of disease. Topics include immune systems, immunopathology and antibodies.

BIOL 309: General Zoology. 4 hours.
Prerequisite:  BIOL 200.
A survey of major animal phyla including protozoans with an emphasis on comparative structure and function, taxonomy, fundamental life processes and ecological interactions.  Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 310: Field and Systematic Botany. 4 hours.
Prerequisite:  BIOL 200.
A taxonomical survey of flowering plants.  This course will discuss history, theories and methods of classification, identification, nomenclature and description of plants, followed by taxonomical characteristics of the main plant families.  Laboratory exercises and field trips will focus on the use of taxonomic keys, construction of floral diagrams and formulas, identification and recognition of local flora, preparation of field data records and herbarium specimens.

BIOL 312: Advanced Ecology. 4 hours.
Prerequisite:  BIOL 200
A study of ecological principles, focusing on a modern understanding of ecological systems, patterns and processes.  The laboratory will include common field techniques and emphasize experimental design and data analysis. Same as ENVR 312.

BIOL 313: Advanced Microbiology. 4 hours.
Prerequisites:  BIOL 181; CHEM 115 or CHEM 238.
This course will examine the unique physiology of the Archaea and Procaryotae and their roles in ecology and human disease. Techniques for identification of these organisms also will be studied. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 314: Field and Systematic Zoology. 4 hours.
Prerequisite:  BIOL 200.
A study of zoological natural history and systematics with emphasis on vertebrate biodiversity. Field and laboratory exercises on identification, sampling methods and population dynamics.  

BIOL 316: Comparative Anatomy. 5 hours.
Prerequisite:  BIOL 182.
A critical study of the structural/functional relationships of organs and systems of the vertebrates. Taxonomy, evolutionary relationships and morphological adaptations of fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals will be emphasized. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 317: Vertebrate Embryology. 4 hours.
Prerequisite:  BIOL 182.
A comparative study of the biochemical and cellular mechanisms associated with the morphological development of vertebrates. Embryological development of the frog, chick and human will be emphasized. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 320: Vertebrate Physiology. 4 hours.
Prerequisites:  BIOL 181 and CHEM 315.
General cellular physiology and the functioning of tissues and organ systems in the vertebrate classes, including human beings. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 321: Comprehensive Human Anatomy. 5 hours.
Prerequisites:  BIOL 181; CHEM 115 or CHEM 238.
A comprehensive study of the structural/functional relationships of organs and organ systems of humans.  Lecture and laboratory. 

BIOL 322: Genetics. 4 hours.
Prerequisites: BIOL 181; CHEM 115 or CHEM 238.
A study of the molecular basis of gene expression and the mechanisms by which genetic material is inherited. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 323 Functional Neuroscience. 4 hours.
Prerequisite:  PSYC 364.
Explores the cellular and molecular biology of the nervous system in order to provide an in-depth analysis of such topics as sensation and perception, consciousness and sleep, learning and memory, neuroplasticity and neural regeneration. Same as PSYC 323.

BIOL 324: Cellular and Molecular Biology. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: BIOL 181. Recommended prerequisite: BIOL 336 and CHEM 315.
Advanced molecular mechanisms of gene expression and control. Methods of genetic engineering and production of transgenic organisms. Lecture.

BIOL 325: Epidemiology. 3 hours.
Prerequisite:  BIOL 181.
A study of epidemiological theory and practice. The distribution of health related problems in a population and the application of this theory to control health problems will be examined. Areas included in this study will be measures of disease occurrences, causal effects and statistical analysis of these events.

BIOL 327: Psychopharmacology. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: BIOL 172 or PSYC 356
This course will explore the effects of drugs on behavior as well as how these effects are mediated by changes in synaptic activity.  Emphasis is given to psychoactive drugs, such as alcohol, barbiturates, inhalants, benzodiazepines, psychostimulants, psychedelics, analgesics and antidepressants.   Same as PSYC 327.

BIOL 329: Introduction to Marine Biology. 4 hours.
Prerequisite:  BIOL 200
A study of the biology, taxonomy and ecology of marine fishes, corals and invertebrates.  Protocols used in field studies and collection of data will be studied in the lab portion of this course. The lab portion of this course will also consist of a ten-day study abroad trip to a Caribbean coral reef during the winter inter-session.  Students will have exposure to a variety of marine habitats as well as hands-on experiences applying course information in daily diving expeditions and in the design and execution of a marine research project.  Students taking the class are required to take the study abroad portion of this course.  Offered fall semester of even-numbered years.

BIOL 330: Field Study in Marine Biology. 3 hours.
Prerequisite:  BIOL 329
This field course in marine biology is the companion course to BIOL 329.  It is a field study that applies the knowledge gained in the lecture portion of the class regarding the biology, taxonomy and ecology of marine fishes, corals, coral disease and other reef life forms.  This portion of the course consists of a ten-day study abroad trip to a Caribbean coral reef where students will have exposure to a variety of marine habitats as well as hands-on experiences applying course information in daily diving expeditions and in the design and execution of a marine research project.  Dive certification required.  Offered winter term of odd-numbered years.

BIOL 333: Histology. 4 hours.
Prerequisite:  BIOL 181.
An in-depth look at the microscopic structure of the vertebrate body. Study of cells, tissues and organs will provide an understanding of the complex nature of the relationship between form and function in vertebrates. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 334 Developmental Biology. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: BIOL 181.
A study of the stages and mechanisms of embryonic development in animals.  Both classic experimental embryology and the genetic and molecular regulation of invertebrate and vertebrate animal development will be covered.  The course will provide a comparative investigation of both morphology and molecular mechanisms while highlighting the similarities and differences between nematodes, insects, and vertebrates.

BIOL 336: Biochemistry. 3 hours.
Prerequisite:  CHEM 315. Recommended prerequisite: CHEM 327. 
A lecture course that studies the structure and function of biological molecules.  Topics include enzyme kinetics, synthesis and degradation of biological molecules, and energy production.  Emphasis will be placed on enzyme mechanisms and regulation. Same as CHEM 336.

BIOL 336-L: Biochemistry Laboratory. 2 hours.
Prerequisite: CHEM 315-L. Co-requisite: CHEM 336.
A lecture/laboratory course that develops biochemistry lab skills and techniques.  Topics include biomolecule isolation and quantification, enzyme kinetics, ligand-binding and reaction equilibrium.  Same as CHEM 336-L.

BIOL 337: Introduction to Virology. 3 hours.
Prerequisite:  BIOL 181.

An introduction to how viruses replicate and cause disease. Survey of major groups of animal viruses is included. Course offered only in summer and online.

BIOL 341: Limnology. 4 hours.
Prerequisites:  BIOL 200; CHEM 238 and CHEM 238-L.
Physical, chemical and biological functions of freshwater ecosystems with an emphasis on local aquatic organisms and their habitats.  Stream geomorphology, lake structure and the relationships between land use and water quality will be addressed.  Lecture, laboratory and field work. Laboratory and field work include mapping, lake models, water chemistry and surveys of taxonomic diversity.  One Saturday field trip is required.

BIOL 342: Advanced Ecological Studies. 4 hours.
Prerequisite:  BIOL 312.
An advanced ecology course emphasizing the procedures of quantitative ecosystem analysis. Project work includes terrestrial and aquatic studies. Lecture, laboratory and field work.

BIOL 344: Toxicology. 3 hours.
Prerequisites:  BIOL 200, CHEM 115 and CHEM 115-L; or BIOL 200, CHEM 238 and CHEM 238-L.
This course examines the basic concepts of the effects of toxins on human health, ways toxins are encountered and the consequences for individual and future generations. Methods of treatment also are discussed. Same as ENVR 344.

BIOL 348 Psychoneuroimmunology. 3 hours.
Prerequisite:  BIOL 171 and BIOL 172 or PSYC 356.

Examines the bidirectional interaction between the brain, behavior and the immune system.  Students in this course will study both human-and animal-based literature.  Topics include the brain, behavior and immune interface, behavioral and psychosocial characteristics linked with immune function, the impact of stress and coping, sickness behavior, and immunoenhancement.  Same as PSYC 348.

BIOL 351 Junior Seminar I. 1 hour.
Prerequisite:  BIOL 200.
This course provides biology majors with information on pre- and post-graduate opportunities, prepares them for graduate studies related to biology by developing a resume and statement of purpose, and gives them experience speaking publicly on biological topics using appropriate technology. 

BIOL 352 Junior Seminar II. 1 hour.
Prerequisite:  BIOL 351.
Using the scientific literature and in consultation with a faculty mentor, students will develop a proposal for a literature review, practicum or independent research project in the biological sciences and publicly present the proposal to their peers. 

BIOL 356: Biopsychology. 3 hours.
Examines the physiological, ontogenetic and functional foundations of human and animal behavior. Emphasizes central nervous system mechanisms that mediate processes such as arousal and sleep, hunger and satiety, learning and memory, aggression and violence, human psychopathology and the psychoactive properties of recreational and therapeutic drugs. Same as PSYC 356.

BIOL 364 Neuroanatomy. 4 hours.
Prerequisite:  BIOL 172.
An in-depth study of the biology of the nervous system emphasizing the relationship between neuroanatomy and neurophysiology. Lecture and laboratory.  Same as PSYC 364.

BIOL 373 Herpetology. 4 hours.
Prerequisite:  BIOL 200.
An introduction to the biology, ecology and evolution of amphibians and non-avian reptiles.  The morphology, taxonomy and biogeography of Missouri species within these groups will be emphasized in the laboratory with day, evening and possibly weekend field trips required.  

BIOL 378 Advanced Human Physiology I. 5 hours.
Prerequisites: BIOL 181 and CHEM 315.
The first section of this course deals with cell signaling mechanisms, such as c-AMP and G-proteins, as well as receptor functions.  The section deals with electrophysiology and the function of the nervous muscular system, and the general physiology of the cardiovascular system.  Subjects will be covered through reading from text and journal articles, lecture presentation and laboratory projects.

BIOL 379 Advanced Human Physiology II. 5 hours.
Prerequisite: BIOL 378.
This course will allow students to acquire an in-depth understanding of the organ system functions of the human body, to include: respiratory system, digestive system, renal physiology, immune system, endocrine system, and reproductive systems.  The material will be covered through readings from text and journal articles, lecture presentations, and laboratory projects.

BIOL 382: Pathophysiology. 4 hours.
Prerequisites: BIOL 206 or BIOL 378 and CHEM 115 or CHEM 238.
Human physiological responses to disease, stress and the environment are studied.  Pathophysiological processes are analyzed in view of current research.

BIOL 483: Senior Seminar I: Practicum. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: BIOL 200.
Students complete an off-campus work experience in a professional field of interest and write a literature review on a biological topic related to the profession in consultation with a faculty mentor. A minimum of 135 hours must be completed during the off-campus experience.

BIOL 484: Senior Seminar I: Research. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: BIOL 200.
Students complete an original field, laboratory, database, or literature research project in consultation with a faculty mentor.

BIOL 494 Senior Seminar II. 1 hour.
Prerequisite:  BIOL 483 or 484.
Students present the results of their Senior Seminar I project to faculty and peers in a public forum.  

BIOL 290, 390, 490: Selected Topics. 1-3 hours.

BIOL 291, 292, 391, 392, 491, 492: Research.

BIOL 397, 398, 497, 498: Internship.