|EligibilityRestrictions||None||Cannot be self-funded unlessparticipating in an exchange program pursuant to a formal writtenagreement between educational institutions or governmental offices.|
|On-campus Employment||Available up to 20 hours perweek when school is in session and 40 hours per week during annualschool holidays.||Same as F-1|
|Off-campus Employment||Yes: Can be authorized forunforeseen financial hardship, Curricular Practical Training, or Pre-and Post- Practical Training. Must have been in F-1 status 9 months toapply.||Yes: Can be authorized forunforeseen financial hardship or Academic Training.|
|Practical/AcademicTrainingTypes||Curricular Practical Training(CPT)
Optional Practical Training(OPT)
|Academic Training may (Optionalor Required) may take place before or after graduation.|
||Note: In general, the period ofAcademic Training may not exceed 18 months or the amount of time spentin the academic program, whichever is less.
|Requirement of JobOffer||
|Authorization fromDepartmentof Homeland Security||
||None required. Authorization isobtained from the International office advisor.|
|Possibility ofChanging Status||Yes, fairly easy.||
It depends. May be problematicfor students subject to the 2-year home residency requirement.
Note: Not every country orstudent from specific country will be subject to the 2-year homeresidency requirement. (Rule 212.e)
|Work Authorizationfor Spouse||None possible.||Yes, with evidence that salaryis not needed to fund stay, and it requires DHS approval –may take 3-4 months.|
|Insurance Requirementfor VisaStatus||None per visa category.Although the University requires all students to carry insurance, thisis not a federal requirement, nor does it apply to spouses.||Yes, for J-1 students and alldependents. Willful failure to maintain adequate health insuranceresult in the student’s termination from the J-1 program,thus also terminating his/her J-1 status.|
|Permission to Stay in U.S.after Completion of Studies||60 days granted automatically.No work or re-entry to U.S. during this period.||30 days granted automatically.No work or re-entry to U.S. during this period.|