"woman." In these stories, the primary power of Mother Earth
and the feminine - the power to generate or create - is taken over by Zeus.
This power is quite literally swallowed up as he swallows Metis - and then
manifested as he creates Athena. Likewise, it is Zeus, the male, who creates
woman out of clay as a curse to mankind, as punishment for Prometheus'
trickery in stealing fire.
Morford, Mark P. and Robert J. Lenardon. Classical Mythology (New York: Dick McKay Co., 1971), pp. 7-14.
Thompson, William Irwin. The Time Falling Bodies Take to Light (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1981), p. 149.
Vellacott, Philip. The Oresteian Trilogy (Penguin Books, 1956)
Vernant, Jean-Pierre. The
Origins of Greek Thought (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1982).
Carmody, Denise Lardner. "Women in Primal Societies," Women and World Religions, 2nd ed. (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1989), 11-38.
Kraemer, Ross S. "Ecstasy
and Possession: Women of Ancient Greece and the Cult of Dionysus,"
in Unspoken Worlds: Women's Religious Lives, Nancy Auer Falk, Rita
M. Gross, eds. (Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1989), 45-55.